As A Man Thinketh So Is He?
Every cell in the human body has a nucleus that contains a collection of genes called a genome which is made up of DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) which is the hereditary material that exists in nearly every cell of the body. It is an incredibly powerful information storage device containing about 3 billion nucleobases which are the building blocks of the DNA double helix that resembles a twisted ladder. More than 99% of them are the same in all human beings. They contribute to the folded structure of both DNA and RNA (ribonucleic acid), which acts as a messenger carrying instructions from DNA for controlling the synthesis of proteins.
DNA is made up of four chemical nucleobases with a pair of them located on each rung of the double helix ladder. The sequence of the nucleobases determines the information available for building and maintaining an organism similar to the way in which letters of the alphabet appear in a particular order to form words and sentences.
They provide the genetic code and are composed of different sequences which hold instructions for making the proteins that will carry out a cell's particular function. Humans have about 3.12 billion pairs of chemicals that form between 35,000 and 40,000 genes!
Genomes use genetic code within DNA to instruct the cells on how to control genes. The genetic code uses a 64-letter alphabet language called codons and duons that are stacked upon each other. One describes how proteins are made, and the other instructs the cells on how genes are to be controlled. Duons appear to stabilize certain beneficial features of proteins and how they are made and inform cells how to make life-bearing proteins and then instruct those cells on how genes are to be controlled.
The human body contains trillions of cells and essentially have two genome’s which contain all of the genetic information found in the body. They are made up of the DNA in chromosomes as well as the DNA in mitochondria which are structures located in the cell's cytoplasm. The cytoplasm is the substance of a cell that lies outside the nucleus which is responsible for converting nutrients into energy production in the body as the primary energy source of each cell.
At the end of each chromosome are ‘caps’ called telomeres that protect the DNA during cell division. Telomeres shorten slightly each time a cell divides and are used as an index of a cell's aging. Studies have found that there is an association with psychological distress, obesity, weight, smoking, drinking and several other factors such as impairment of the body’s immune system, may contribute to the shortening of the telomeres and result in accelerated biological aging which could contribute to early onset of diseases such as cancer, dementia, diabetes and depression that are normally found in those advanced in age.
To be continued...
Excerpts from the books “The Physiology of Faith - Fearfully And Wonderfully Made To Live And Prosper In Health” and “The Quantum Love Of God - Exploring The Multi-Dimensional Mysteries Of The Universe” by Craig A. Nelson
More in North Valley Community Blog
August 5, 2019Keep It Fresh!
July 15, 2019Meet Katie Fallis
July 8, 2019Great Marriages: How to Serve our Husbands Emotionally